To learn how to adjust the damping, you must first understand the structure, characteristics, and the role of each damping function, so that you can accurately understand whether the function should be increased or decreased. Damping is mainly divided into speed sensing, position sensing and direction sensing, and speed sensing is currently widely used in mainstream shock absorbers.
LSC (Low Speed Compression / Low Speed Compression Damping)
The fixed-hole structure is adopted. The characteristic is that no matter how the speed changes, the size of the opening and the damping force remain unchanged. The damping force can be changed by changing the size of the oil hole; control the compression speed of the suspension at low speed for the entire stroke to suppress trampling , Suspension during braking, pressure lifting, and over bending. In fact, the locking function is achieved by completely closing the oil hole by LSC.
HSC (High Speed Compression)
The floating orifice valve structure is used. The characteristic is that the opening and closing of the orifice valve will change with the speed, and the flow rate of the damping oil will also change accordingly. The spring force behind the valve plate, the elasticity of the valve plate and the valve can be changed The stacking mode of the sheet can change the damping characteristics; control the compression speed of the suspension under the high speed of the whole section, which is used to absorb rapid impact and large drop instantly.
LSR (Low Speed Rebound / Low Speed Rebound Damping)
The same structure and characteristics as LSC originally control the full range of travel, but due to the intervention of HSR and the rebound characteristics of the shock absorber itself, it mainly controls the rebound speed of the suspension of the front travel, which is used to eliminate the return force when the front travel is reset. , And the shock of the shock absorber when stepping on it.
HSR (High Speed Rebound / High Speed Rebound Damping)
The same structure and characteristics as HSC originally control the full range of travel, but due to the rebound characteristics of the shock absorber itself, the main control of the rebound speed of the rear travel suspension is used to eliminate the reset delay of the rear travel of the suspension To increase trip utilization.